Bharat Nirman Programme

  • Bharat Nirman Programme is a four-year business plan to develop rural infrastructure.
  • The government of India launched a time-bound plan under Bharat Nirman in 2005 for implementation during four year period, 2005-2009.
  • The six components included under this rural infrastructure program are
    1. Roads
    2. Telephone connections
    3. Irrigation
    4. Water supply
    5. Housing and
    6. Electrification.

1. Roads:

  • In order to give a boost to rural connectivity, a rural roads programmer Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched in December 2000.
  • As part of the program, GOI intends that by the end of the financial year 2008-09, every village of over 1000 population, over 500 in hilly and tribal areas has an all-weather road.
  • To achieve the targets of Bharat Nirman, 1465, 185 km of road length is proposed to be constructed by 2009.
  • This will benefit 66,802 unconnected eligible habitations in the country.

2. Telephone Connections:

  • Under the Bharat Nirman Programme 66, 822 revenue villages to having telephone connectivity are to be provided with Village Public Telephone (VPT) facility.
  • out of these, 14183 remotely located villages are to be provided VPTs through digital satellite phone terminals, while the remaining 52,639 villages are to be provided any other technology.

3. Irrigation:

  • Under this program, the target of creation of additional irrigation potential of 1 crore hectare for 4 years is planned to be met largely through expeditious completion of identified ongoing major and medium irrigation projects.
  • Irrigation potential of 42 lakh hectares is planned to be created by expeditiously completing such ongoing major and medium projects.

4. Water Supply:

  • During Bharat Nirman Period, 55,067 uncovered and 3.31 lakh slipped-back habitations are to be covered with provisions of drinking water facilities.
  • 2.17 lakh quality-affected habitations are to be addressed for quality problems.

5. Housing:

  • The housing component under the program is being implemented in [parallel with Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) scheme.
  • IAY scheme was launched as an independent and major housing scheme on January 1, 1996, to provide assistance for construction degradation of dwelling units to the BPL rural households.
  • Bharat Nirman Programme has set a target to construct 60 lakh houses at the rate of 15 lakh houses each year.

6. Electrification:

  • The rural electrification targets are set to b achieved under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).
  • RGGVY has been introduced by the Ministry of Power in April 2005.
  • The twin objectives of electrification of 1,25,000 villages and electrifying the 2.3 crore BPL households are proposed to be achieved under the Bharat Nirman Programme.

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