Green Human Resource Management

Green HR is the use of strategies to endorse the sustainable use of resources within organisations and supports the cause of environmental sustainability. The HR function will become a driver of environmental sustainability inside the institute by arranging its policies and practices in a line with sustainability aims reflecting a focus on the environment.

HRM policies can be used to motivate the employees about sustainable use of assets and resources within the organisation and produce green culture through charting strategies and rules to increase employee's consciousness and commitment towards the environment. It spreads and reinforces sustainable business activities that boost the morale of the workers by working in an environment-friendly manner. Green HRM practices are visible from recruitment to exit.

HR strategy must reflect and inspire the ambitions of the HR team and other employees and aligning with the strategy of the business culture and values so that it delivers sustainable returns to the investors. Along with this, it focuses on sustainably delivering services to the customers and responding to the new environmental and societal trends. Green initiatives within HRM form part of wider programs of corporate social responsibility.

Significance of Green HRM:

Green Workforce: Green organisations are the most preferred choice for people who are aware of eco-friendly problems. Thus, it helps in getting a competent as well as eco-friendly workforce.

Increase in Sales: Such organisations are recognised by the customers increases brand loyalty.

Wider Perspective: The firms make green business decisions that help in their long term survival. By following environmentally friendly practices the business gets a wider perspective. They are acknowledged by the government for their green practices which give them an edge over others.

Common Green HRM Practices:

It includes undertaking environment-friendly HR initiatives that result in lower costs, greater efficiencies and better employee retention and engagement. Some of the Green HRM practices are

Green recruitment: Firms are now beginning to recognise the fact that gaining a reputation as a green employer is an effective way to attract new talent. many firms are now adopting environmental actions and a green appearance to draw high-quality candidates, recruiting applicants with the green bend of mind make it easy for companies to welcome professionals who are aware with ecological procedures and processes and are already acquainted with basics like a conversation, reusing, recycling and creating a more sustainable and rational world.

Green Training and Development: It deals in educating staff about the value of environmental management, training them in operational methods that reduce waste, preserve energy and provide opportunities to engage workers in environmental problem solving and spreading environmental awareness within the institution. Thus, organisations are training their employees about the finest business practices inspired by green initiatives.

Green Performance Management: It contained issues connected to environmental issues and guidelines of the company. It also focuses on the environmental responsibilities of the individual and organisation as a whole. Today, some firms deal with the issue of performance management by installing corporate-wide environmental performance standards and green information systems/audits to gain useful data on environmental performance (Marcus and Fremeth).

Green Compensation: Modern organisation are modifying their rewards systems to inspire the employees about eco-friendly initiatives. It is generally witnessed that employee commitment to EM programmes increased when they were offered rewards to take up responsibilities with regard to environmental responsibilities.

Apart from these, managers are focussing on paperless office, conservation of energy, recycling waste disposal, rewarding employees for coming up with sustainable green ideas and strategies reusing materials, online training, teleconferences and virtual interviews carpooling, e-filing, reducing the use of energy, water and raw materials, treating bio-medical waste and electronic waste, planting trees and conducting green awareness for employees, implementing a smoking free office policy.

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