Six Components of Bharat Nirman Programme

Bharat Nirman Programme is four year business plan to develop rural infrastructure.
Government of India launched a time bound plan under Bharat Nirman in 2005 for implementation during four year period of 2005-2009.
The six components included in Bharat Nirman programme under rural infrastructure are
  1. Roads
  2. Telephone Connections
  3. Irrigation
  4. Water supply
  5. Housing
  6. Electrification

  • In order to increase rural connectivity, a rural roads programme Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched in December 2000.
  • As part of the programme, GOI intends that by the end of financial year 2008-09, every village of over 1000 population, or over 500 in hilly and tribal areas has an all weather road.
  • To achieve the targets of Bharat Nirman, 146, 185km of road length is proposed to be constructed by 2009.
  • This will benefit 66,802 unconnected eligible habitations in the country.

Telephone Connections
  • Under the Bharat Nirman Programme 66,822 revenue villages not having telephone connectivity are to be provided with Village Public Telephone (VPT) facility.
  • Out of these, 14183 remotely located villages are to be provided VPTs through digital satellite phone terminals, while the remaining are to be provided any other technology.

  • Under the Bharat Nirman Programme, the target of creation of additional irrigation potential of one crore hectare in 4 years is planned to be met largely through expeditious completion of identified ongoing major and medium irrigation projects.
  • Irrigation potential of 42 lakh hectares is planned to be created by expeditiously completing such ongoing major and medium projects.

Water supply
  • During Bharat Nirman Period, 55,067 uncovered and 3.31 lakh slipped-back habitations are to be covered with provisions of drinking water facilities.
  • 2.17 lakh quality affected habitations are to be addressed for water quality problem.

  • The housing component under Bharat Nirman Programme is being implemented in parallel with Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) scheme.
  • IAY scheme was launched as an independent and major housing scheme from January 1, 1996 to provide assistance for construction up gradation of dwelling units to the BPL rural households.
  • Bharat Nirman programme has set a target to construct 60 lakh houses at the rate of 15 lakh houses each year.

  • The rural electrification targets are set to be achieved under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).
  • RGGVY has been introduced by Ministry of Power in April, 2005.
  • The twin objectives of electrification of 1,25,000 villages and electrifying the 2.3 crore BPL households are proposed to be achieved under the Bharat Nirman Programme.

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