Rail Transport in India

  • The first passenger train in India was started by Lord Dalhousie, Governor-General of India on April 16, 1853, between Bori Bunder, Bombay, and Thane covering a distance of 34 km.
  • Indian Railway was nationalised in 1951 and presently, it is the largest Railway Network in Asia and the second largest railway network in the World.
Indian Railways Logo
  • There are three types of rail lines in India:
    1. Broad Gauge (1676 mm)
    2. Meter Gauge (1000 mm)
    3. Narrow Gauge (762 mm)
  • In 2015, Indian Railway consists of 108,706 km route comprising Broad Gauge (88,547 km), Meter Gauge (16,489 km) and Narrow Gauge (3450 km).

Indian Railway Map

The total number of Railway Zones in India is 16 and the largest Railway Zone is North Zone.

Progress of Locomotives in India
  • 1893: First railway foundry was set up at Jamalpur (Bihar).
  • 1895: The first locomotive was built with old pairs at Ajmer workshop.
  • 1899: Lady Curzon was the first locomotive built in India, at Ajmer.
  • January 26, 1950: Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) built the first steam engine, Deshbandhu.
  • 1952: Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) begins production of BG locomotives.
  • 1961: CLW made the first 1500 DC electric locomotive Lokmanya.

Rail Transport Public Undertakings in India
  • Rail India Technical and Economic Services (RITES) Ltd.
  • Indian Railway Construction (IRCON) Corp. Ltd.
  • Container Corporation (CONCOR) of India Ltd.
  • Indian Railway Finance Corporation (IRFC) Ltd.
  • Konkan Railway Corporation (KRC) Ltd.
  • Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS).
  • Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation (MRVC)
  • Railtel Corporation of India Ltd.
  • Railway Vikas Nigam Ltd. (RVNL)
  • Indian Railway Welfare Organization (IRWO) (A society under the patronage of the Ministry of Railways).
  • Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC)


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