Showing posts from December, 2020Show all

Indian Councils Act of 1909

Indian Councils Act of 1909 is also known as Morley-Minto Reforms (Lord Morley was the then Secretary of State for India and Lord Minto was the then Viceroy of India). The features of Indian Councils Act of 1909 were as follows: It considerably increased the size of th…

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National Policy on Information Technology

The vision of the National Policy on Information Technology (2012) is to strengthen and enhance India’s position as the Global IT hub and to use IT and cyber space as an engine for rapid, inclusive and substantial growth in the national economy. The policy seeks to ac…

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Indian Councils Act of 1892

The features of Indian Councils Act of 1892 were as follows: It increased the number of additional (non-official) members in the Central and provincial legislative councils, but maintained the official majority in them. It increased the functions of legislative council…

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Indian Councils Act of 1861

After the great revolt of 1857, the British Government felt the necessity of seeking the cooperation of the Indians in then administration of their country. In pursuance of this policy of association, three acts were enacted by the British Parliament in 1861, 1892 and …

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Government of India Act of 1858

This significant Act was enacted in the wake of the Revolt of 1857 also known as the First War of Independence or the ‘sepoy mutiny’. The act known as the Act for the Good Government of India, abolished the East India Company, and transferred the powers of Government, …

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Charter Act of 1833

This Act was the final step towards centralisation in British India. Features of the Act: It made the Governor-General of Bengal as the Governor-General of India and vested in him all civil and military powers. Thus, the act created, for the first time, a Government o…

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Charter Act of 1813

The features of Charter Act of 1813 were as follows: It abolished the trade monopoly of the company in India i.e., the Indian trade was thrown open to all British merchants. However, it continued the monopoly of the company over trade in tea and trade with China. It as…

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Pitt’s India Act of 1784

The next important act was the Pitt’s India Act of 1784. The features of this Act were as follows: It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company. It allowed the Court of Directors to manage the commercial affairs, but created a new body…

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Charter Act of 1793

The features of Charter Act of 1793 were as follows: It extended the overriding power given to Lord Cornwallish over his council, to all future Governor-Generals and Governors of Presidencies. It gave the Governor-General more powers and control over the governments o…

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National Population Policy

A National Population Policy was adopted in 2000. It provides a framework for advancing goals and prioritising strategies during the next decade to meet the reproductive and child health needs of the people of India. It states that the objective of economic and social …

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Amending Act of 1781

In a bid to rectify the defects of the Regulating Act of 1773, the British Parliament passed the Amending Act of 1781 , also known as the Act of Settlement . The features of this Act were as follows: It exempted the Governor-General and the Council from the jurisdicti…

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Regulating Act of 1773

This act was of great constitutional importance as (a) it was the first step taken by the British Government to control and regulate the affairs of the East India Company in India; (b) it recognised, for the first time, the political and administrative functions of the…

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National Policy on Child Labour

A National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987. It contains the action plan for tackling the problem of child labour. It envisages: A legislative action plan for strict enforcement of Child Labour Act and other labour laws. Focusing and convergence of genera…

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National Policy for Children

The first National Policy for Children was adopted in 1974. This policy was revised and replaced by a new policy in 2013. The new National Policy for Children (2013) reaffirms the government’s commitment to the realisation of the rights of all children in the country. …

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National Policy on Open Standards for E-Governace

The Government of India (GoI) has taken major initiatives to accelerate the development and implementation of e-Governance and to create right environments for introducing G2G, G2B, G2E and G2C services within the country. A National Policy on Open Standards for e-Gove…

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National Policy for Farmers

The Government had constituted a National Commission on Farmers in 2004 under the chairmanship of Dr. M.S. Swaminathan. The Commission submitted its final report in 2006. Based on the recommendations made by the Commission, the “National Policy for Farmers, 2007” has b…

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National Policy for Persons with Disabilities

The National Policy for Persons with Disabilities was adopted in 2006. It recognises that persons with disabilities are a valuable human resource for the country and seeks to create an environment that provides them equal opportunities, protection of their rights and f…

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The Central Statistical Organisation (CSO)

The Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) is responsible for coordination of statistical activities in the country, evolving and maintaining statistical standards. Its activities include national income accounting, conduct of annual survey of industries, economic cens…

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National Urban Sanitation Policy

The vision of the National Urban Sanitation Policy (2008) is that “all Indian cities and towns become totally sanitized, healthy and liveable and ensure and sustain good public health and environmental outcome for all their citizens with a special focus on hygienic and…

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Respiratory System

Important Respiratory Organs: The human respiratory system consists of external nares or nistrils, nasal cavity, nasopharnyx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchiole and lungs. The air enters into the nasal cavity through the nostrils. Larynx is a small box and it forms …

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